JLPT Japanese Exam Structure: From N5 to N1- An Absolute Beginner’s Guide

JLPT Exam Structure from N5 to N1

The Japanese Language Proficiency Test (JLPT) called Nihongo Noryoku Shiken (日本語能力試験) in Japanese, is an internationally recognized exam for evaluating the proficiency of non-native Japanese speakers. The JLPT consists of five levels, N5 being the lowest and N1 being the highest. Here is a brief overview of the exam structure from N5 to N1:


Grammar: Basic sentence structures, basic expressions and particles, and simple verb forms

Vocabulary: Approximately 800 words

Kanji: Approximately 80-100 characters

Study Hours: Approximately 150-200 hours


Grammar: Simple conversations, simple sentences and expressions, and basic verb forms

Vocabulary: Approximately 1,500 words

Kanji: Approximately 300-400 characters

Study Hours: Approximately 300-350 hours


Grammar: Complex sentences, various expressions and particles, and various verb forms

Vocabulary: Approximately 3700 words

Kanji: Approximately 600-750 characters

Study Hours: Approximately 500-600 hours


Grammar: Complex conversations, complex sentence structures and expressions, and advanced verb forms

Vocabulary: Approximately 5000-6000 words

Kanji: Approximately 1250-1500 characters

Study Hours: Approximately 700-800 hours


Grammar: Complex conversations, advanced sentence structures and expressions, and various verb forms

Vocabulary: Approximately 7500 words

Kanji: Approximately 2000-2500 characters

Study Hours: Approximately 1,000-1,200 hours

The JLPT is a comprehensive exam that evaluates the test-taker’s proficiency in the Japanese language across various aspects such as reading, listening, writing, and speaking. The exam is divided into five levels, with N5 being the easiest and N1 being the most difficult. Each level of the exam assesses the test-taker’s ability to understand and use Japanese grammar, vocabulary, and expressions in different contexts.

While it is possible to skip a lower level and directly attempt a higher level of the JLPT, it is not recommended unless the test-taker is fully prepared. Each level of the exam builds upon the knowledge and skills acquired in the previous level, so it is important to progress through each level in order to achieve a strong foundation in the language. However, if the test-taker has prior experience with Japanese or has taken a similar exam, they may be able to skip a level. It is important to assess one’s own proficiency level before attempting a higher level of the JLPT.

In India, the number of individuals who write the JLPT exam has been steadily increasing over the years. The exam is highly valued by individuals who are looking to work, study, or do business in Japan, as it is widely recognized by employers, schools, and other organizations in the country. The increasing interest in the Japanese language and culture, as well as the growing economic and cultural ties between India and Japan, are factors that are driving the growth of JLPT examinees in India.

The JLPT is offered at various levels of proficiency in major cities such as Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, and Kolkata. The exam is conducted twice a year, in July and December, and the results are typically announced within two months of the exam date.

The JLPT is a highly valued exam that is written by thousands of individuals from India each year. Whether you are looking to work, study, or do business in Japan, the JLPT is a valuable tool for demonstrating your proficiency in the language and culture. It is important to assess your own proficiency level and prepare thoroughly before attempting a higher level of the exam.

If you’re interested in learning Japanese or exploring Japanese culture (also known as Nihon), look no further than the best Japanese institute in Jaipur. At our institute, we offer the best online classes for Japanese at all JLPT levels. Whether you’re a beginner or an advanced learner, our expert instructors can help you achieve your language learning goals.

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